The solar photovoltaic panels are probably the best known of the renewable energy technologies.
They convert the sunlight into electricity using photovoltaics cells, which are made of a semiconductor material such as silicon.
Photovoltaic (PV) systems provide green, renewable power by exploiting solar energy. We can use photovoltaic (PV) panels as an alternative energy source in place of electricity generated from conventional fossil fuels. Consequently, the more we use PV panels (or other renewable energy technologies) to cover for our energy needs, the more we help reduce our impact to the environment by reducing CO2 emissions into the atmosphere.
Photovoltaic (PV) panels constitute a reliable, industrially matured, green technology for the exploitation of solar energy. Photovoltaic (PV) companies give valuable warranties for PV panels in terms of both PV panel life span (years of PV life) and PV panels’ efficiency levels across time. PV panels can last up to 25 years or more, some with a maximum efficiency loss of 18% only, even after 20 years of operation.
With respect to operating costs and maintenance costs, Photovoltaic (PV) panels, unlike other renewable energy technologies, require minimum operating or maintenance costs; just performing some regular cleaning of the panel surface is adequate to keep them operating at highest efficiency levels as stated by manufacturers’ specs.
Photovoltaic (PV) panels can be ideal for distributed power generation as they are highly suitable for remote applications, such as in a remote farmhouse.
By maintaining relatively small power generation stations in a distributed power network, we can minimize energy losses in the network that are caused by the long distance between power generation and power consumption points.
By utilizing small photovoltaic PV power stations, we can achieve cost reductions on the power network from increased network efficiency and lower power losses; similarly, distributed small scale Photovoltaic (PV) stations will also lead to lower capital expenditure for the construction of power network lines.